Adult Literacy Program

Eradicating Poverty through educating Women in rural Nepal

With an average illiteracy rate of 44%, nearly half of the women in Karki Gaun and neighboring villages have not received the most basic education. Necessary skills like reading, writing, fundamental arithmetic and language had never been part of their daily lives.

The Adult Literacy Program (ALP), available to every woman in the village, starts with the fundamentals of reading and writing. Once the basic concepts are mastered, we advance to classes that deepen reading, writing and language skills in English and Nepali. The program has been successful with the entire village benefitting. A newly discovered curiosity and appreciation for learning is opening a world of possibilities. We see the women embracing their power with optimism and joy in an area that had always been closed off to them.

Namina, one of our students, is 50 years of age and highly motivated to learn. She is embracing all the Adult Literacy Program has to offer. She had never attended school and says:

“The Adult Literacy Program in my village means a lot to me. I am eagerly learning the alphabet both Nepali and English together. I myself always wanted to learn. It’s been 3 months and I have been continuously going to class.

Urmila, another one of our students, is 30 of age and grew up in large family. They were economically challenged, and she had not received any form of education. She says:

“When I saw children going to school, I used to cry inside. I never enjoyed domestic work. The Adult Literacy Program became my soul. My husband supports me and I manage my time. I finish all my work and come to class. I am speechless! I am overwhelmed.”

The men of the village are noticing a positive change in the women as well. Laxman Tamang, the founder and leader of the program says:

“The men are positively impressed” and “surprised about how the women manage their daily workload and classes — the men’s views about education are changing for the better.”

In order to continue the women’s literacy program in Karki Gaun $450 is required each month. The funds go towards providing qualified teachers, classroom rental and learning materials for the women. The ALP currently supports over 40 women in two classrooms that meet six times per week, eleven months out of the year. As the ALP evolves, women will continue creating opportunities and developing a new sense of hope for themselves and a strong connection with their village.

 

Let us introduce you to some of our sisters.

 
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Urmila Tamang

My Name is Urmila Tamang. I am 33 years old. I grew up in a big family of 9 children. I am the second oldest. We have a very poor family background. I have never been to school in my life. Due to poverty, my parents sent me to Kathmandu to work at a wealthy family as a child laborer when I was 9. I stayed there for 5 years. My job was to clean the big house, wash dishes, wash clothes, wash toilets and care for the animals. When I’d see children of the wealthy family go to school I used to cry inside. I never enjoyed the domestic work and returned to Karki Gaun after 5 years. Since then I got married and now have 2 children.

The adult literacy program has become my soul. I have had no absences since this class has started. I am speechless and overwhelmed.

Thank you to everyone, providing us this beautiful program. Yours Sincerely, Urmila Tamang

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Namina Tamang

I am 50 years old. I married in the age of 15, I have five children, four girls and one son. I was raised by single parent, where I had big responsibilities to look after my younger brother. I have never been to school in my life. Now all my kids are grown and they have finished their college and some are going to university.
Adult Literacy Program in my village means a lot to me. I am eagerly learning Alphabet both Nepali and English-Nepali together. It’s been 3 months I have been continuously going to class. Now, I have learned Alphabet and learning developing the words. Now I realized that every word comes from joining the Alphabet which I was unawares of before coming to class.
I myself always wanted to learn, my husband and children encouraging me to read and write.
I am a farmer and I have to work in the field, feed animals for my living. Where there is will, there is way.... I manage my time at home, at work and in school. I am so blessed to have this opportunity in the community. I thank everyone who directly and indirectly is involved in the project. Special thanks to Santosha and her sister Christine. I love you...

Yours Loving Sister
Namina Tamang
From KarkiGaun, Nepal.

 

Note of Interest: You’ll notice that Namina and Urmila share the same last name. This does not indicate that they are from the same family, it merely suggests the same region of origin.

Karki Gaun is in the Tamang region of Nepal.

 
 

Listen to one of our sisters as she describes her desire for education.


 
 

Animal Husbandry

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Goat Farming in Nepal as a Way to Rise Out of Poverty

Goat farming has shown itself to be one of the most profitable occupations/ professions in developing countries like Nepal.

The business can be done with ease, either as a sole proprietorship or with a team structure.

Because of the adequate amount of grassland, forests, water, and agriculture, goat farming lends itself to being a successful crop in rural areas.

Due to the ever-increasing population in Nepal, the production and supply of meat does not currently meet the high demand. Nepal has limited occupational animal Husbandry or farming and does produce an adequate meat supply.

Investing in this sector is profitable for the investor and can also play a pivotal role in creating sustainable employment opportunities, where farmers can supplement their income just by raising small numbers of goats themselves. Last but not least, this endeavor will raise the country’s economic status.

Considering the Government of Nepal’s data collection, approximately 5 billion NRP ($48,456,115) worth of meat is being imported from India and China annually. These numbers suggest that creating animal husbandry in Nepal can be highly successful in meeting the demand and providing needed jobs for the citizenry.

Goat farming only requires common knowledge and simple qualifications. Women can raise goats, and it’s also particularly useful for people returning from up to 4 years of out of the country service employment in Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, Kuwait. They can create sustainable lives, as this type of business will help with the transition from abroad to being back home. This also enables families to stay together and creates a more stable homeland environment.

Objectives of Goat Farming

  • Provides employment for women (women empowerment), young people and people who are reentering the country and rejoining their families after job projects abroad

  • Stimulates local market flow with local resources and raw materials

  • Eradicates poverty

  • Provides self-employment and financial independency, and opportunities for families to pay for their children’s college tuitions.

  • Provides healthy and clean meat as a diet.

  • It acts as an example for others (villages and people) that Nepali people can sustain and increase their economic status through goat farming businesses.

  • Provides financial opportunities to create agricultural businesses and other cottage businesses that are sustainable.

  • Allows people to do social work by accepting and implementing this industry.

Market Target Areas

The produced meat can be supplied at local markets as well as the more urban areas such as Kathmandu and Pokhara.

Conclusion

Goat farming is a secure business with very little risks.

Mutton is one of the favorite food staples of the Nepalese people therefore the market of goat meat. Goat milk and cheese also provide healthier alternatives to cow’s milk and are a part of the goat business.

If they are able to create these farms, the import of meat from China and India will decrease. It will help Nepal to stop investing in other country’s economics and start improving their own economic status.

On another hand, people who look for employment in Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, etc. will find more employment opportunities in their own country and their own villages.

Karki Gaun’s environment is ideal for commercial goat farming and has all basic infrastructure in place for trading and transporting goats.

Karki Gaun as a village has the opportunity to rise above the poverty level, send their children to good schools and live healthy, sustainable, and prosperous lives.

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Planning and farming:

  • A female goat can have up to 12 kids (baby goats) in her life.

  • The death rate of kids (baby goats) is less than 10%.

  • Goats are grass fed, which is cheaper than feeding with grain.

  • Goats are raised in a “free range” environment and are never kept in small restrictive cages.

5 Years Plan

The start up costs is $13890, which includes 60 goats, 2 barns, a water tank and separate stall for 2 male goats.

We start with 60 goats and over the duration of 5 years the goat population will have increased to 1000.

Goat purchase costs:

60 goats including transport                                 $80 each                                        $4800

2 Breeding goats (male)                                        $145 each                                          $290

Fixed starting costs:

2 Buildings (barns) can house 60 goats each    ($4000 each)                                $8000

Water tank 2000 liters.                                                                                                       $200

Male goat’s separate stall (2)                                                                                           $400

Miscellaneous                                                                                                                   $200

Total estimated costs:                                                                                                     $13890

In 5 years the goat population will increase to 1000 goats.

One goat can be sold for a price of $80 to $120 depending on its weight and gender.

 


 Future Projects:

  • Animal Husbandry

  • Women’s Health and Basic Hygiene